What is lung cancer?
The lungs are double-sponged organs of our respiratory system. The right lung consists of 3 sections (lobes) and is slightly larger than the left lung (consisting of 2 lobes). Lung cancers are basically divided into two main types, pathologically small cell and non-small cell lung cancers. Each type of lung cancer grows differently, spreads and is treated in different ways. Non-small cell lung cancer is more common and usually grows and spreads more slowly. There are 3 main types of non-small cell lung cancer. They take names according to the tissue where the cancer occurs (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma). Small cell cancer, sometimes called oat cell cancer, is less common than non-small cell cancer. This type of lung cancer grows faster and more prone to spread to other parts of the body.
How is lung cancer diagnosed?
If you have the above findings, your doctor will investigate your medical history, your smoking history, your exposure to environmental toxic substances, and your family history. Your doctor will also ask for a chest radiograph and other diagnostic tests. Spontaneous cytology, bronchoscopy, needle biopsy, thoracentesis or thoracotomy can be performed.
What is staging?
If your diagnosis is cancer, your doctor has to know the stage of your disease. The staging is to find out how much cancer is spreading in your body. Once you have cancer, your doctor may arrange your treatment. For this, computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone scintigraphy and / or mediastinoscopy / mediastinotomy can be used..
How is cancer treated?
Cancer treatment may vary depending on many factors; cancer stage (size), size, location and general condition of the patient. Various treatments and treatment combinations can be used to control lung cancer or to improve the quality of life by reducing symptoms. Lung cancer treatment includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.